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26 HISTORY OF PERSIA CHAP.
1. That of the First Four Caliphs, A.D. 632-661, the
period of the Theocracy of Islam,1
2. The Omayyad Caliphs A.D. 661-749, the period of
3. The Abbasid Caliphs, A*D. 749-1258, the-period
of Persian Ascendancy.
The Genealogical Table of the Kurrish.—In order to
show the descent of the various dynasties, and their claims
of kinship with the Prophet, it is convenient to give the
following genealogical table, which is taken from Lane-
Poole's Mohamedan Dynasties, an invaluable guide to the
Abdul Muttalib Omayya
"i THE OMAYYAD
, Talib Abba
Abdulla Abu Talib Abbas CALIPHS
Fatima = AH
The Election of Abu Bekr.~Even before the Prophet
was buried, there was very nearly bloodshed in Medina at
the meeting at which Abu Bekr was chosen to be the
Caliph,2 or " Successor " of the Prophet. He was sixty
years old at the time of his election, and was naturally of
a mild character. But belief in the Prophet filled him with
a moral courage unsurpassed in thtf* records of history.
1 Vide Browne, mtt, tit. p, aio.
3 Khalifa Rasul lllah, or " Successor of the Prophet of God/' U the full title*